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Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 10

The Architectural Heritage of the Rideau Corridor

by Barbara A. Humphreys


1 Arthur R. M. Lower, Colony to Nation; A History of Canada (Toronto: Longmans, Green, 1964), p. 187.

2 Robert Legget, Rideau Waterway (Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, 1960), p. 100.

3 The Mechanics Institute was a pioneer organization designed primarily to provide a form of cultural education for the working man. The first institute, based on a similar organization in England, was founded in Upper Canada in 1831 and by the mid-19th century, branches were very numerous even in towns and villages. The Mechanics Institutes were instrumental in establishing local libraries for the use of tradesmen and the pretence in their libraries of the carpenters' and builders' handbooks listed suggests that they were in current use at the time. It is interesting to note that many of Ontario's modern libraries began as a project of the local Mechanics Institute, and books are still available bearing the Mechanics Institute's original stamp of identification.

4 Sir Henry Wotton in his essay paraphrasing Elements of Architecture by Vitruvius, published in 1624.

5 "Clay of the proper colour, usually from a nearby bank, was put into the trough, and water was added. Most clays would produce red bricks when burned, but tome made buff, grey, or white bricks. When white or buff trimming bricks became popular on red brick buildings, clay from specially chosen deposits was needed to produce them. (Nowadays the colour of bricks is altered by adding special materials or by making adjustments in the burning process.)" (T. Ritchie, Canada Builds, 1867-1967 [Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, 1967], p. 207.)

6 Canada. Parliament, Canada Canal Communication (House of Commons, 1831), No. 123, Lt. Col. By to Gen. Mann, 15 March 1830, Royal Engineer's Office, Rideau Canal.

7 Ibid.

B Canada. Public Archives, MG12, War Office Papers, 55, Vol. 880, p. 310, signed J. F. B. (Burgoyne).

9 Alan W. Gowans, Building Canada: An Architectural History of Canadian Life (Toronto: Oxford Univ. Press, 1966), p. 96.

10 Thomas Wilson West, A History of Architecture in England (London: Univ. of London Press, 1970), p. 127.

11 Nikolaus Pevsner, An Outline of European Architecture (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1951), p. 253.

12 See T. W. Leavitt, History of Leeds and Grenville (Belville: Mika Silk Screening Co., 1972), p. 85, for a picture of the spire as originally designed.

13 A. Shortt and A. G. Doughty, eds., Canada and Its Provinces (Toronto: Glasgow Brook & Co., 1914), Vol. 18, p. 291.

14 Ibid., p. 260.

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