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Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 22



Spode/Copeland Transfer-Printed Patterns Found at 20 Hudson's Bay Company Sites

by Lynne Sussman

The Catalogue

1—26 Aesop's Fables (ca. 1830—post-1879). Introduced by Spode in the late 1820s or early 1830s (Whiter 1970: 170). It reproduced Samuel Croxall's illustrations for Fables of Aesop, published in 1793 (Copeland 1976b: 1296). Excavated examples were made by W.T. Copeland. A Copeland and Garrett mark is on one of the copper plates. The pattern was registered and reintroduced with additional centres in 1879. The later centres are not illustrated here.


1 Aesop's Fables: The Fox and the Lion.


2 Aesop's Fables: The Lion, the Bear and the Fox.


3 Aesop's Fables: The Fox and the Lion.


4 Aesop's Fables: The Fox and the Tiger.


5 Aesop's Fables: The Fox and the Grapes.


6 Aesop's Fables: The Dog and the Shadow.


7 Aesop's Fables: The Ass, the Lion and the Cock.


8 Aesop's Fables: The Horse and the Loaded Ass.


9 Aesop's Fables: The Dog in the Manger.


10 Aesop's Fables: The Sow and the Wolf.


11 Aesop's Fables: The Leopard and the Fox.


12 Aesop's Fables: The Wolf and the Crane.


13 Aesop's Fables: The Peacock and the Crane.


14 Aesop's Fables: The Dog and the Wolf.


15 Aesop's Fables: The Oak and the Reed.


16 Aesop's Fables: The Crow and the Pitcher.


17 Aesop's Fables: The Lioness and the Fox.


18 Aesop's Fables: The Fox and the Sick Lion.


19 Aesop's Fables: The Dog and the Sheep.


20 Aesop's Fables: The Fox and the Goat.


21 Aesop's Fables: The Fox, the Hare and the Tortoise.


22 Aesop's Fables: The Wolf and the Lamb.


23 Aesop's Fables: The Wolf, the Lamb and the Goat.


24 Aesop's Fables: The Lion, the Bear and the Fox.


25 Aesop's Fables: The Mountains in Labour.


26 Aesop's Fables: The Stag Looking into the Water.




27 Alhambra (1848—post-1882). Registered 30 June 1848. Earliest pattern number 8163. Excavated examples were made by W.T. Copeland. It appears in W.T. Copeland and Sons' 1882 catalogue.



28—31 Antique Vase (pre-1847—20th century). Introductory date not known. Excavated examples were made by Copeland and Garrett, and W.T. Copeland. It was reintroduced in the 20th century under the name "Mimosa."


28 Antique Vase. The cartouche in the break in the border was used on the back of the object as part of a back-stamp.


29 Antique Vase.


30 Antique Vase. The rectangular design in the upper left was probably used on a handle.

31 Antique Vase.




32 Antoinette (ca. 1837—20th century). Earliest pattern number is B606. A Copeland and Garrett mark occurs on the copper plate in addition to a 20th-century mark.




33 Aquatic (ca. 1837—post-1839). Earliest pattern number is B642. An excavated specimen from Fort Nez PercÚ bears the printed pattern number "B.776." The engraving on the copper plate is very worn, hence the uneven appearance of the print.



34—53 Arabesque (ca. 1835—post-1882). Earliest pattern number for border is 5268. The border was used on several different patterns. Alone, it is called Arabesque; with a series of English views, the name of each view is used as the pattern name (Tower of London, Richmond Hill, etc.). Copeland and Garrett marks are found on copper plates of these patterns. With a series of Egyptian views, it is called Cairo. Cairo was introduced in 1881 (pattern number 2 / 1796). Both Arabesque and Cairo appear in W.T. Copeland and Sons' 1882 catalogue.


34 Arabesque border, Richmond Hill centre.


35 Pope's Villa centre.


36 Margate centre.


37 Margate centres (top left, right); Hastings centre (bottom left).


38 Hastings centre.


39 Greenwich Hospital centre.


40 Greenwich centre.


41 Folkstone centre.


42 Eton centre.


43 Richmond Bridge centre.


44 Dover centre.


45 Tower of London centre.


46 Tower of London centre.


47 Portsmouth centre.


48 West Cowes centre.

49 Arabesque border, Cairo centre.


50 Cairo centre.


51 Cairo centre.


52 Arabesque border, Cairo centre.


53 Cairo centres.


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