Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 8
The Canals of Canada
by John P. Heisler
Canals have played an important part in the economic and social
development of Canada. Undertaken but never completed during the French
regime, they were begun soon after 1760 and reached the peak of their
development and use during the mid-19th century. The financing and
construction of canals to improve navigation on the St. Lawrence and the
Great Lakes; the Rideau Canal constituting a waterway between the Ottawa
and the St. Lawrence, and the canals communicating with the American
waterway system of New York state are discussed in detail. Several
waterways were proposed and some actually constructed in the Maritimes
and in the West. Part of this deep waterway system culminated in the St.
Lawrence Seaway, a successful venture in international cooperation.