Parks Canada History

Copyright, Parks Canada
Banff • Jasper • Elk Island • Waterton Lakes • Wood Buffalo (not pictured) National Parks, Alberta (clockwise, from top left — ©Parks Canada)

History of Parks Canada Electronic Library

Welcome / Bienvenue! The History of Parks Canada Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the cultural and natural history of the Canadian national park system, which includes 46 national parks/reserves, one urban park, over 970 historic sites (171 of which are administered by Parks Canada, which includes nine heritage canals), four marine conservation areas/reserves, and one landmark, along with documents from the history of the agency that has been entrusted to manage this system: Parks Canada/Parcs Canada.

This Website is not affiliated with the Government of Canada/Parks Canada, but is an independent effort to showcase the history of the Parks Canada Agency and the Canadian National Park and Historic Site System.

The information contained in this Website is historical in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official Parks Canada/Parcs Canada Websites for current information.

Heritage Minutes
click on image to view video (English), (Édition Français)
Emily Murphy

Rick Mercer Report
click on image to view video (English)
Heritage Moment: Team Canada

In celebration of Canada's 150th birthday, throughout 2017 we will be highlighting the national parks and national historic sites of each province and territory — areas that have been set aside to help capture the unique natural history and rich cultural heritage of Canada.

Booklets of the Month
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ca. 1940
(National Parks Bureau)
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(Canadian National Railways)
click on book cover to read digital edition
"Janey Canuck": Women in Canada, 1919-1939 / Les femmes au Canada pendant l'entre-deux-guerres
(Veronica Strong-Boag, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 53, 1994)
The Great Depression of the 1930s in Canada / La grande dépression des années 1930 au Canada
(Michiel Horn, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 39, 1984)
Prairie Urban Development, 1870-1930 / L'expansion urbaine dans les Prairies, 1870-1930
(Alan F.J. Artibise, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 34, 1981)


(Areas managed by Parks Canada / Zones gérées par Parcs Canada)
Canada 150
National Parks / Parcs nationaux
Banff / Banff
Elk Island / Elk Island
Jasper / Jasper
Waterton Lakes / Lacs-Waterton
Wood Buffalo / Wood Buffalo
National Historic Sites / Lieux historiques nationaux
Abbot Pass Refuge Cabin / Refuge-du-Col-Abbot
Athabasca Pass / Col-Athabasca
Banff Park Museum / Musée-du-Parc-Banff
Bar U Ranch / Ranch-Bar U
Cave and Basin / Cave and Basin First Oil Well in Western Canada / Premier-Puits-de-Pétrole-de-l'Ouest-Canadien
Frog Lake / Lac-La Grenouille
Howse Pass / Col-Howse
Jasper House / Jasper House
Jasper Park Information Centre / Centre-d'Accueil-du-Parc-Jasper
Maligne Lake Chalet and Guest House / Chalet-et-Maison-d'Invités-du-Lac Maligne
Rocky Mountain House / Rocky Mountain House
Skoki Ski Lodge / l'Auberge-de-Ski-Skoki
Sulphur Mountain Cosmic Ray Station / Station-d'Étude-des-Rayons-Cosmiques-du-Mont-Sulphur
Yellowhead Pass / Col-Yellowhead

Please consult Park Summaries / Résumés parc for a complete list including site descriptions.

New eLibrary Additions

Reports on Selected Buildings in Calgary, Alberta Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 391 (Janice Dicken McGinnis and Frank Donnelly, Parks Canada, 1974-76)

Nomination of the Canadian Rockies by Canada for Inclusion in the World Heritage List (B.L. Beswick and B. Olsen, Parks Canada, November 1983)

Cross-Country Skiing: Nordic Trails in Banff National Park (Parks Canada, 1983)

Bankhead: The Twenty Year Town (Ben Gadd, Calgary, Alberta: Coal Association of Canada, in cooperation with Canadian Parks Service, 1989)

Banff National Park Management Plan, Summary (Parks Canada, April 1997)

Jasper National Park Management Plan Concept (Parks Canada, January 29, 1999)

The Whistlers, Jasper National Park (David & Andrea Spalding and Carol Boyle, Parks Canada, 1986)

Master Plan, Public Participation Program Stage 2: Plan Proposals, Elk Island National Park (Parks Canada, 1977)

Jasper National Park (Canadian National Railways, 1927)

Jasper National Park in the Canadian Rockies (order form) (Canadian National Railways, 1938)

Jasper National Park in the Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1939)

Jasper National Park in the Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1940)

Jasper National Park • Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1951)

Jasper National Park, Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1953)

Jasper National Park in the Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1956)

Jasper National Park in the Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1958)

Jasper Park Lodge: In the heart of Jasper National Park, Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1928)

Jasper Park Lodge in the Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1931)

Jasper Park Lodge in the Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1936)

Jasper Park Lodge: Rates & Information 1959 (Canadian National Railways, 1959)

Scenes Along the Cavell Drive, Jasper National Park, Canada (Canadian National Railways?, c1930s)

Chateau Lake Louise Menu (Lakeview Room) (August 21, 1951)

The Jasper Way through the Majestic Canadian Rockies (Canadian National Railways, 1950)

A National Marine Conservation Area Proposal for Lancaster Sound: Feasibility Assessment Report (Parks Canada, Government of Nunavut & Qikiqtani Inuit Association, February 2017)

The Workers of the Québec Arsenal, 1879-1964 / Les travailleurs de l'arsenal de Québec, 1879-1964 (Parks Canada, 1980)

The Fortifications of Quebec City: development concept / Les fortifications de Québec: concept de mise en valeur (Parks Canada, 1980)

Canada's National Parks / Les parcs nationaux du Canada (Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1967)

Booklets: Guide du parc historique national du Fort George (Niagara-on-the-lake) Canada (1969); Parc historique national du fort Lennox, Île-aux-Noix (Québec) (1963); La parc historique national du fort Malden, Amherstburg (Ontario) (1969); Le parc historique national du fort Wellington, Prescott (Ontario) (1969); fort Garry inférieur, parc historique national (1962); La citadelle Halifax, Parc historique national Halifax (Nouvelle-Écosse) (1969) (Parcs Canada); National Parks of Canada: Prairies Provinces (1956)

Friends of Canada's National Parks
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society National Trust for Canada Network in Canadian History and Environment George Wright Society Canadian Parks Council

NPS History For historical information about the (U.S.) National Park Service, please visit our companion Website:

Please Note: Publications produced by Parks Canada, Environment Canada, and Natural Resources Canada are not in the public domain but are copyrighted by the Government of Canada (Crown). The electronic editions of these publications are for non-commercial purposes and do not permit re-use; please respect these copyright-holders by merely linking to this content and not re-posting. Please consult with the appropriate Government of Canada agencies for additional copyright clearance information. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials reproduced; however, these should not be viewed as official versions of the original nor having been made in affiliation with or with the endorsement of Parks Canada, Environment Canada, or Natural Resources Canada. Most of the electronic documents were scanned from the English-language edition of these publications, though we endeavour to provide either dual-language or French-language editions when possible. Copies of License to Reproduce Copyrighted Works Owned by the Crown obtained from these agencies graciously permitting us to host these digital reproductions are on file.

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